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Hive Indexes

Overview of Hive Indexes

The goal of Hive indexing is to improve the speed of query lookup on certain columns of a table. Without an index, queries with predicates like ‘WHERE tab1.col1 = 10’ load the entire table or partition and process all the rows. But if an index exists for col1, then only a portion of the file needs to be loaded and processed.

The improvement in query speed that an index can provide comes at the cost of additional processing to create the index and disk space to store the index.

Create/build, show, and drop index:

CREATE INDEX table01_index ON TABLE table01 (column2) AS 'COMPACT';
SHOW INDEX ON table01;
DROP INDEX table01_index ON table01;

Create then build, show formatted (with column names), and drop index:

CREATE INDEX table02_index ON TABLE table02 (column3) AS 'COMPACT' WITH DEFERRED REBUILD;
ALTER INDEX table02_index ON table2 REBUILD;
SHOW FORMATTED INDEX ON table02;
DROP INDEX table02_index ON table02;

Create bitmap index, build, show, and drop:

CREATE INDEX table03_index ON TABLE table03 (column4) AS 'BITMAP' WITH DEFERRED REBUILD;
ALTER INDEX table03_index ON table03 REBUILD;
SHOW FORMATTED INDEX ON table03;
DROP INDEX table03_index ON table03;

Create index in a new table:

CREATE INDEX table04_index ON TABLE table04 (column5) AS 'COMPACT' WITH DEFERRED REBUILD IN TABLE table04_index_table;

Create index stored as RCFile:

CREATE INDEX table05_index ON TABLE table05 (column6) AS 'COMPACT' STORED AS RCFILE;

Create index stored as text file:

CREATE INDEX table06_index ON TABLE table06 (column7) AS 'COMPACT' ROW FORMAT DELIMITED FIELDS TERMINATED BY '\t' STORED AS TEXTFILE;

Create index with index properties:

CREATE INDEX table07_index ON TABLE table07 (column8) AS 'COMPACT' IDXPROPERTIES ("prop1"="value1", "prop2"="value2");

Create index with table properties:

CREATE INDEX table08_index ON TABLE table08 (column9) AS 'COMPACT' TBLPROPERTIES ("prop3"="value3", "prop4"="value4");

Drop index if exists:

DROP INDEX IF EXISTS table09_index ON table09;

Rebuild index on a partition:

ALTER INDEX table10_index ON table10 PARTITION (columnX='valueQ', columnY='valueR') REBUILD;

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